The study has been published in the Journal of Psychiatric Research.
The research includes highly detailed data on the children and covers a timespan of more than a decade.
A total of 542,195 children were tracked for 11 years for incident internalizing (anxiety and mood) and externalizing (ADHD and conduct) disorders. During the course of the study, 4.8 percent of the children developed a psychiatric disorder.
Researchers discovered high neighborhood deprivation was associated with a two-fold higher risk of conduct disorder, a 40 percent increased risk of anxiety disorder and a 20 percent increased risk of mood disorders.
Moderate neighborhood deprivation was associated with a 30 percent increased risk of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.