Pick up the phone and hear, "Hey, what's up?" Chances are, those few words are enough to recognize who's speaking - perhaps unless you have dyslexia. In a surprise discovery, researchers found adults with that reading disorder also have a hard time recognizing voices. The work isn't just a curiosity. It fits with research to uncover the building blocks of literacy and how they can go wrong.
The eventual goal: To spot at-risk youngsters even before they open "Go, Dog, Go!" in kindergarten - instead of diagnosing dyslexia in a struggling second-grader. "Everybody is interested in understanding the root cause of dyslexia, so we can intervene early and do something about it," says Massachusetts Institute of Technology cognitive neuroscientist John Gabrieli, senior author of the study published last week in the journal Science.
Dyslexia is thought to affect 8 percent to 15 percent of Americans, who can have great difficulty reading and writing. It's not a problem with intelligence or vision.
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